Design a site like this with WordPress.com
Get started

DIVERSITY OF BUTTERFLIES (LEPIDOPTERA) IN MAHATMA PHULE A. S. C. COLLEGE CAMPUS AND ADJACENT AREAS OF PANVEL, RAIGAD, MAHARASHTRA | Asian Journal of Advances in Research

The Panvel region of Raigad district is home to a diverse range of vegetation, an estuary, and rugged hills, providing a haven for living organisms like as butterflies. Several human-caused activities, particularly the continuing construction of the Navi Mumbai International Airport (NMIA), have damaged habitat in and around Panvel. Both vertebrates and invertebrates experience a reduction in biodiversity as habitat is lost. There isn’t even a tentative list of the region’s Lepidopteran species. As a result, the current study was carried out in order to compile a butterfly checklist for the area. Butterflies were monitored for a year (from June 2019 to May 2020) in various places of the Mahatma Phule College of Arts, Science, and Commerce (MPASC) campus and the surrounding Panvel areas. A total of 42 Lepidopteran species were discovered, divided into 32 genera and six families. Nymphalidae topped the list with 14 genera and 21 species, followed by Pieridae (7 genera, 9 species), Lycaenidae (7 genera, 7 species), Papilionidae (2 genera, 3 species), Hesperiidae (1 genus, 1 species), and Riodinidae (1 genus, 1 species). This research would offer data on the region’s butterfly biodiversity, which may be utilised as a starting point for future butterfly research.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIR/article/view/1595

Advertisement

FORECAST OF CORONA VIRUS DISEASE (COVID–19) IN ETHIOPIA BASED ON CONFIRMED CASES UP TO 14TH OCTOBER 2020 | Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science




A set of statistical models for forecasting time series data is known as an Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average model. Auto regression, for example, makes use of the dependent relationship between an observation and lagged observations; integrated makes use of raw observation differencing; and Moving Average makes use of the dependent relationship between an observation and a residual error.

The ARIMA (2, 2, 2) model predicted the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases based on a 95 percent confidence interval between March 2020 and October 2020. The daily report result peaked in April 2020 in the country and then somewhat fell after April 2020, as demonstrated by the challenged reactions to the epidemic in the country. Until the half of December 2020, the greatest expected new case per day was 672, and the least predicted case per day was 386. Furthermore, until half-December 2020, the total number of expected confirmed COVID-19 cases could reach roughly 119, 015.

In general, if Ethiopia’s government abandons COVID-19 control systems, the epidemic is likely to resurface and wreak havoc on the country. As a result, proactive stepladder appears to apply control mechanisms, according to this study. As a result, all interested organisations can adopt policies based on the study’s findings.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIMS/article/view/1780

PREVENTABLE RISK FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH ORAL POTENTIALLY MALIGNANT DISORDERS: A STUDY IN SAUDI ARABIA| Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science

Background: Oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) encompass a wide range of lesions and conditions that have a higher risk of malignant development into oral cancer. Although the specific aetiology of OPMDs is unknown, numerous preventive risk factors have been identified. The goal of this research is to find out if there is a link between avoidable risk factors and OPMDs. Patients and Methods: At King Salman Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, a prospective cross-sectional study was done. A total of 1340 patients were examined, with OPMDS being found at 6.49 percent (n=87). After evaluation, all Saudi and non-Saudi patients over the age of fifteen with worrisome lesions were enrolled in the study. The sample consisted of 50 men (58 percent) and 37 women (42 percent). 75 (86%) of the 87 patients were Saudi, whereas 11 (14% ) were non-Saudi. The buccal mucosa (51.72 percent) was the most common site for OPMDs, followed by the tongue (31.03 percent ). According to the findings of our survey, the most common age group was 25 to 35 years old, followed by 36 to 45 years old. According to medical records, three percent of patients had Type I Diabetes, sixteen percent had Type 2 Diabetes, ten percent had anaemia, and two percent had a history of Hepatitis C. Lichen planus was the most common OPMDs lesion (51 percent), followed by leukoplakia (19 percent ). The most common risk factor was discovered to be smoking. The findings revealed that 11% of OPMDs have soft tissue odontogenic damage, 7% of patients are on hypertension and antidiabetic medications, 19% are multifactorial, and 30% have an unknown aetiology. Conclusion: Based on our findings, we recommend that all general practitioners and physicians have a sufficient understanding of OPMDs. Diabetes, anaemia, and hypertension can all be avoided with a healthy lifestyle. Early treatment of OPMDs can help to avoid significant problems and cancer development.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIMS/article/view/1807

Keywords:

PHYTOCHEMICALS SCREENING OF PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PARAMETERS AND FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS OF PLANT ETHANOLIC LEAF EXTRACT Costus pictus | Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science


Plant-derived anti-diabetics appear to be a viable alternative to conventional synthetic anti-diabetics such sulphonylureas, insulin therapy, and biguanides. Plant-based products are thought to be preferred due to their lower toxicity, lower cost, and improved patient compliance. As a result, medicinal plants and their compounds are utilised in the treatment and control of diabetes in many countries. Vitamins are organic chemicals that are required in trace amounts for the body’s growth and activity. They’re found on or after plant and animal foods in nature. The term “organic” in this definition refers to chemistry involving molecules. The term “organic” refers to the presence of carbon in the molecules of a substance. Vitamins can also be damaged, rendering them unable to perform their jobs in our bodies. Every component serves a crucial role, and a lack of any one of them might lead to aberrant bodily growth. Plants are a rich source of all of the components that humans require. Calcium, magnesium, potassium, iron, sulphates, and phosphates were found in a qualitative study of several inorganic elements. The current study of a good source of pharmacognostical and physicochemical factors is important for identifying, authenticating, and establishing quality parameters and vitamins for the species. Human health-related developing disorders such as diabetes, hypertension, and cancer may benefit from supplementation of this Costus pictus.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIMS/article/view/1792

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY ON FRESH AND DRIED Zingiber officinale Rosc | Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science

The purpose of this study was to look into the antibacterial activity of fresh and dried Zingiber officinale Rosc. rhizomes. The antibacterial activity of microorganisms such as E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, K. pneumoniae, and Pseudomonas aeroginosa was investigated utilising the disc diffusion method in this work. K. pneumoniae had the largest inhibitory zone (25 mm), followed by Staphylococcus aureus (24 mm), Pseudomonas aeroginosa, and E. coli, each with 22 mm. The antifungal activity of Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus terreus, Penicillum sp, and Fusarium sp was investigated utilising the agar well diffusion method. The highest zone of inhibition against Fusarium sp (14 mm) was seen at a concentration of 100 g of fresh material, followed by A. flavus (12 mm), A. terreus (10 mm), and Penicillum sp (10 mm).

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIMS/article/view/1791

FOREST, THE RAW-MATERIAL, PULP ARE SOURCES OF PAPER INDUSTRIES AND ARE PAST AND FUTURE OF THE INDIA, AND THE GLOBE DURING COVID-19 OUTBREAK | Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science

Our country’s paper industry has a promising future after independence, however in this century, a big amount of paper is necessary. Because of this, the paper sector has a promising future; therefore, forest cover TREE-PLANTATION is required. We get food, fodder, fuel, pharmaceutical items, vitamins, pure air, and flood prevention from the forest.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIR/article/view/2462

PROXIMATE, MINERALS, VITAMINS AND AMINO ACID COMPOSITION OF PROSOPIS AFRICANA (African mesquite) SEED OIL | Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science

The purpose of this study was to determine the composition of Prosopis africana seed oil in terms of proximate, mineral, vitamin, and amino acid composition (PASO). Moisture (5.62 percent), crude protein (30.71 percent), crude fibre (6.47 percent), ash (5.08 percent), and energy (383.26 Kcal/g) were all detected in the proximate. PASO has 403.8 mg/100g, 606.1 mg/100g, 142.8 mg/100g, 142.8 mg/100g, 281.3 mg/100g, 101.7 mg/100g, 38.56 mg/100g, 19.10 mg/100g, 42.28 mg/100g, and 14.93 mg/100g of calcium, potassium, potassium, magnesium, sodium, manganese, zinc, copper, and iron, respectively. Lysine (4.18 g/100g), histidine (2.31 g/100g), arginine (4.85 g/100g), and aspartic acid (8.61 g/100g) are examples of amino acids. threonine (2.80 g/100 g), serine (3.11 g/100 g), glutamic acid (11.44 g/100 g), proline (3.29 g/100 g), glycine (3.47 g/100 g), alanine (5.22 g/100 g), cystine (1.08 g/100 g), valine (4.72 g/100 g), methionine (1.40 The highest concentration of vitamin E (11.67 mg/100g) was found in the test sample, followed by vitamin C (8.56 mg/100g). Vitamin A (0.55 mg/100g), vitamin D (0.33 mg/100g), vitamin B3 (0.25 mg/100g), vitamin B1 (0.21 mg/100g), vitamin B12 (0.20 mg/100g), vitamin B6 (0.18 mg/100g), vitamin B5 (0.10 mg/100g), vitamin B2 (0.08 mg/100g), vitamin K (0.08 mg/100g), and vitamin B9 (0.06 mg/100g) are the most abundant vitamins PASO is high in various nutrients that offer a variety of health benefits, including tissue maintenance, body function coordination, and other biochemical and physiological processes.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIR/article/view/2481

WATER QUALITY ANALYSIS OF ANASAGAR LAKE, AJMER, RAJASTHAN | Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science

On the basis of weekly sampling, the water quality of Anasagar Lake was examined for four months. This study is the first to offer data on lake water quality. Temperature (24.50°C to 33.90°C), pH (7.9 to 8.2), electrical conductivity (2.07 to 2.49 mS/cm), dissolved oxygen (7.53 to 8.73 mgL-1), alkalinity (101 to 109 mgL-1), Hardness (121 to 150 mgL-1), total dissolved solid (1344.00 to 1617.00 mgL-1), nitrate (0.88 mgL-1 to 1.02 mgL-1), phosphate (0. Anthropogenic stressors such as sewage disposal, municipal wastewater, detergent input from washing clothes and bathing, pesticide and chemical fertiliser input from unsustainable agriculture, aquaculture, and horticulture, and urban settlement have caused the lake to become severely polluted and hypertrophic.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIR/article/view/2476

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ELECTRIC CURRENT PRODUCTION BY Saccharomyces cerevisiae USING A DUAL CHAMBER MICROBIAL FUEL CELL | Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science

The Microbial Fuel Cell is a potential instrument that converts chemical energy into electrical energy using microorganisms as biocatalysts. Through metabolic activity, the microorganism is able to consume various substrates, leading in the creation of electric current. The diverse applications linked to MFC’s eco-friendly nature are the basis for its expanding popularity. Despite the fact that the current generation is on the milliampere (mA) scale, MFCs have limitless applications in the future. Fungi are one of the microorganisms that can produce energy through their metabolic processes. Saccharomyces cerevisiae (baker’s yeast) was employed in this experiment. Electrons are diverted from this single-celled eukaryote’s electron transport chain, assisting in the conversion of chemical energy to electrical energy. The goal of this experiment is to determine the quantity of electric flow produced by Saccharomyces cerevisiae when copper electrodes are used as mediators and sources of current on a substrate. A mediator, potassium permanganate (KMnO4), was used to carry out the reaction. Maltose as a substrate produced the best results (105.3 mA). As a result, we’ll go over the primary findings here, which can serve as a springboard for further research. Fungi have the potential to act as electrogens, according to our findings.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIR/article/view/2474

CURRENT ADVANCEMENTS ON THE EFFICACY OF CONVALESCENT PLASMA AS A POTENTIAL PROMISING TREATMENT FOR COVID-19 | Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science

The emergence of remarkable advancements on therapeutic approaches for the pandemic came as soon as COVID-19 hit the world in December, 2019 in Wuhan, China. Despite the potentiality of various interventions still in clinical trials, no therapy has been proven beneficial to date. However, because we are still waiting for a specific medicine or vaccine, convalescent plasma has piqued our curiosity as a possible treatment for COVID-19. This study examines recent discoveries that have bolstered the efficacy of convalescent plasma in the treatment of COVID-19.

Methods: A comprehensive search was conducted on PubMed, Google Scholar, Science Direct, Research Gate, and clinicaltrials.gov databases using the search term “efficacy of convalescent plasma on COVID-19.” Only studies that explored the efficacy of convalescent plasma as a potential treatment for coronavirus were retrieved in this review, which was based on a search of all the literature discussing recent advancements on the use of convalescent plasma as a potential treatment for coronavirus.

Results: We found 24 articles discussing current developments in the use of convalescent plasma as a potential treatment for COVID-19, with 70% discussing its success, 20% evaluating current ongoing clinical trials for convalescent plasma, and the remaining 10% expressing concerns about the inappropriate administration of convalescent plasma.

Conclusion: Several of the research discussed focused on the use of convalescent plasma as a potentially beneficial COVID-19 therapy, albeit this has yet to be confirmed. Other studies, on the other hand, have raised concerns about COVID-19 patients having a pro-thrombotic illness as a result of improper medication administration.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/AJOAIMS/article/view/1719