ETHOLOGY OF SOME MEMBRACIDS ON ITS HOST PLANTS |  UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY

Membracids have gotten a lot of interest for their taxonomic, habitual, behavioural, and bioecological research. The feeding, communal life, resting, mimicry and coloration, oviposition, incubation, ecdysis, and parental care of three membracids, Leptocentrus taurus, Otinotus oneratus, and Oxyrachis taranda, on their host plants were studied in the current study through regular field observations at regular intervals. The current investigation revealed more prominent behavioural characteristics of membracids on their different host plants. As a result, research on other species of membracids exposed to other host plants may reveal additional behavioural characteristics.

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WATER BUG Diplonychus rusticus (HEMIPTERA: BELOSTOMATIDAE) AS A BIOCONTROL AGENT FOR CULEX MOSQUITO |  UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY

Belostomatid water bugs have been observed to be very predaceous on mosquito larvae, killing and sucking the contents of the mosquito larvae. The purpose of this study is to determine the predatory efficiency of Diplonychus rusticus as a bioagent on Culex larvae. 275 mature water bugs were released into a pond with 275 litres (10%) of water. There were 27,500 Culex larvae added. The number of living larvae was collected and recorded at the end of 6 hours and 24 hours. The findings of this study demonstrated the significance of water bugs in mosquito control.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2530

TOXICOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL IMPACT OF SOME BIOINSECTICIDES AGAINST THE LARVAE OF THE RED PALM WEEVIL, Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (OLIVIER) UNDER LABORATORY CONDITIONS |  UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY

The red palm weevil (RPW), Rhynchophorus ferrugineus (Olivier) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), is a major pest of date palms, inflicting significant economic damage. This pest has been managed using a variety of control approaches. The intensive use of conventional insecticides to control RPW has successfully reduced the quantity of weevils, but they are still hazardous to the ecosystem since they create pollution and harm to other beneficial organisms. The current study sought suitable, effective, and safe alternative control methods. Furthermore, the effect of the studied substances on the enzymatic activity of third instar larvae was measured spectrophotometrically. Under laboratory circumstances, four commercial pesticides were treated to RPW 3rd instar larvae and the LC50 values were estimated. Larvae that survived treatment were collected 24 hours later and prepared for enzymatic activity examination. All experiments were conducted at the Wood and tree scavenger research department, the Plant protection research institute, and the Agricultural research centre. According to the low LC50 value obtained, Dr. Sure® was the most hazardous chemical. Furthermore, the results demonstrated that BIO-MAGIC® was the least harmful due to its high LC50 value when compared to the other chemicals. Furthermore, the data demonstrated substantial effects on detoxifying enzymes in 3rd instar larvae fed with the LC50 of examined chemicals as a protective response to those compounds. These findings demonstrate the effectiveness of non-conventional pesticides in controlling the youngest larval instars.

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BIODIVERSITY OF TERMITES IN TELANGANA STATE, INDIA |  UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY

Termites are important decomposers of dead organic waste in tropical and subtropical forest ecosystems, and they play an important role in soil formation. Termites are polymorphic, eusocial insects that live in huge communities of hundreds to millions of individuals and are made up of reproductive forms as well as countless apterous sterile soldiers and workers. There are around 2933 termite species in 282 genera and 9 families that have been described so far in the world. They have spread far, as have certain temperate regions. With 295 species, 52 genera, and 6 families, India has a high level of diversity. Termites have been found in Telangana in 16 species, 7 genera, and 2 families. The study was carried out in five different locations around Telangana state to evaluate the termite species variety. Termites were sampled using a typical 1002 straight belt transect in five distinct locations throughout Telangana state. Eleven species were taken from various portions of the plants, including dead wood, litter, dead tree stumps and leaf litter, logs, and living trees.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2516

TEMPLE WASTE UTILIZATION, ITS MANAGEMENT AND FUTURE PERSPECTIVES TO ATTAIN SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT |  UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY

The greatest problem ailing the cosmos and wreaking havoc on the ecosystem is the management of “solid waste.” Waste generation is increasing as a result of anthropogenic activities, which are creating massive environmental damage and global warming. Solid trash, such as food waste, home waste, plastic waste, and temple debris, contains a high concentration of contaminants such as carbon. A large budget is being spent around the world to minimise and manage garbage by using landfill or incinerator processes. One of the biggest problems is temple garbage, which consists of flowers, leaves, coconuts, grains, and fruits, among other things, the majority of which are biodegradable. Because these elements are of a highly organic nature, temple waste can also serve as a medium for the growth of microbes. The florets can be used to make a variety of valuable and useful items, as well as in enterprises that make fragrances, soaps, cosmetics, food, and so on. However, temple garbage is frequently dumped into running water or local bodies of water, resulting in water poisoning and the death of aquatic species. This review describes the hazards (environmental, human health, aquatic) caused by temple waste through various mechanisms, such as contamination of water bodies and the propagation of microbes, pests, rodents, and so on, as well as waste utilisation for conversion into useful products such as manure, incense sticks, biochar, biofuel, pigments, papers, and dyes. All of these goods have broad applications in various industries, reinforcing principles such as “best out of waste” and “from the temple to the temple.” This review sets the way for environmental conservation, pollution reduction, and the resolution of the energy dilemma.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2587


IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON THE LIVESTOCK SECTOR: AN OVERVIEW |  UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY

Anthropogenic activities have wreaked havoc on the ecosystem in recent years. This is most likely reflected in the current climate change that the globe is experiencing. Globally, published reports show an increase in mean annual temperatures and changes in precipitation patterns. Climate change has a direct impact on agriculture, of which the livestock sector is a subset. The livestock sector contributes to the economies of emerging and poor countries while also serving as a major source of protein nutrition worldwide. It is, nevertheless, sensitive to climatic change and has limited ability to cope with the stress caused by such alterations. Climate change has a direct impact on animal health, affecting productivity and reproductive efficiency. This might result in decreased production of milk, meat, eggs, wool, and other products, creating financial losses in the livestock industry. Erratic rainfall and drought patterns may have an impact on feed crop growth and animal water availability. Inadequate diet and hydration can further weaken them, rendering them susceptible to disease. The situation is exacerbated further by the behaviour of parasites, diseases, and vectors in reaction to climate change. Warmer conditions have been linked to increased proliferation, virulence, and transmission due to direct changes in their life cycles and mating habits. Animals die as a result of detrimental consequences on their health, either directly or as a result of unhealthy conditions. Despite its importance, there is a scarcity of study in this topic, according to the literature. Understanding these consequences through adequate monitoring can aid in the development of long-term livestock management programmes with lower financial losses in the near future.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2573

A REVIEW ON ANTICANCER SOURCES FROM AQUATIC ORGANISMS |  UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY

Cancer is becoming more prevalent at an alarming rate these days. Cancer cells can be controlled using a variety of treatment procedures, including chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. Chemotherapy, which utilises chemicals to inhibit cancer growth and, as a result, has a number of negative effects on normal cells. Natural substances are gaining popularity in cancer research as a replacement for or enhancer of pharmaceuticals used in chemotherapy. This article will provide a quick overview of the recently discovered anticancer activities of aquatic species or chemicals.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2564

STUDY OF TRIDAX LEAF EXTRACT ON CHICK EMBRYO VITELLINE BLOOD VESSELS |  UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY


Tridax procumbens (Linn.) is a plant that is widely used as a herbal remedy to stop bleeding and mend wounds. During embryogenesis, angiogenesis plays a crucial function in the development of the embryo. The chick chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) experiment is used to investigate the effect of Tridax procumbens leaf extract in vivo. Angiogenesis, anti-angiogenesis, and histological studies of freshly formed vitelline blood vessels are the subjects of this study. The leaf extract of Tridax procumbens was found to have a thickening impact on endothelium and the tunica media of vitelline veins in a histological examination.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2556

EVALUATION OF OXIDATIVE STRESS IN AZOXYMETHANE-INDUCED COLON CANCEROUS FISCHER RATS |  UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY

The goal of this study was to look at the redox status of normal and abnormal crypts generated in azoxymethane-induced colon cancer in Fischer rats.

Methods: A total of 16 five-week-old male Fisher 344 rats (Rattus norvegicus) were housed individually in plastic cages with wood-chip bedding. The animals were acclimatised for one week and fed an ad libitum diet from the American Institute of Nutrition (AIN-93G). Their serum was tested for protein oxidation, DNA damage, lipid peroxidation and antioxidants, glutathione (GSH), and antioxidative enzymes.

The levels of protein oxidation and lipid peroxidation in the study group were substantially greater than in the control group (P0.01). The study group’s mean serum level of MDA and conjugated diene, on the other hand, was lower than the control group’s (P0.01). Antioxidative enzyme activity was considerably lower in the study group compared to the control group (P0.01). Conclusion: Because colorectal cancer is linked to oxidative stress, assessing oxidative stress and antioxidant intake could be a useful tool in the treatment and prevention of the disease.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2581

EVALUATION OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATION OF SOYBEAN MEAL DIET ON GROWTH PERFORMANCE OF MAJOR CARP Catla catla |  UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY

For a period of 60 days, an experiment was done to examine the growth performance of Indian Major Carp Catla catla fingerlings. The purpose of this study is to look into the effects of soy bean on common carp development and survival (Catla catla). Soybean was added into diets at doses of 1%, 2%, and 3%. There was no supplement in the control diet. The best and statistically significant (p0.05) weight gain was from soybean at 3%. Soybean supplementation produced superior development than 1% and 2% supplementation. The results of this study demonstrate that include soybean in common carp meals increases their growth rate. The soybean diet was shown to be the most beneficial in promoting fish growth.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2546

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