IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON THE LIVESTOCK SECTOR: AN OVERVIEW |  UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY

Anthropogenic activities have wreaked havoc on the ecosystem in recent years. This is most likely reflected in the current climate change that the globe is experiencing. Globally, published reports show an increase in mean annual temperatures and changes in precipitation patterns. Climate change has a direct impact on agriculture, of which the livestock sector is a subset. The livestock sector contributes to the economies of emerging and poor countries while also serving as a major source of protein nutrition worldwide. It is, nevertheless, sensitive to climatic change and has limited ability to cope with the stress caused by such alterations. Climate change has a direct impact on animal health, affecting productivity and reproductive efficiency. This might result in decreased production of milk, meat, eggs, wool, and other products, creating financial losses in the livestock industry. Erratic rainfall and drought patterns may have an impact on feed crop growth and animal water availability. Inadequate diet and hydration can further weaken them, rendering them susceptible to disease. The situation is exacerbated further by the behaviour of parasites, diseases, and vectors in reaction to climate change. Warmer conditions have been linked to increased proliferation, virulence, and transmission due to direct changes in their life cycles and mating habits. Animals die as a result of detrimental consequences on their health, either directly or as a result of unhealthy conditions. Despite its importance, there is a scarcity of study in this topic, according to the literature. Understanding these consequences through adequate monitoring can aid in the development of long-term livestock management programmes with lower financial losses in the near future.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2573

STATUS AND IMPACT OF INVASIVE AND ALIEN SPECIES ON ENVIRONMENT, AND HUMAN WELFARE: AN OVERVIEW | UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY

An invasive species is any living organism that is not native to an ecosystem and causes damage, such as an amphibian, plant, insect, fish, fungus, bacteria, or even an organism’s seeds or eggs. With the aim of providing feedback on different levels and community decisions, we conducted a systematic literature review of current studies on the status and effect of invasive species on the environment, socioeconomics, and humans. Both qualitative and quantitative data were used to detect patterns in publication trends and factors influencing research views of invasive species. The majority of research papers on the effects of invasive plant species have focused on the autecology of these species, factors that facilitate their spread, social structure changes, and economic losses. Soil processes that adapt rapidly to plant invasions and, as a result, affect both native and invasive species recruitment and development are often overlooked. Several soil properties and processes are significantly changed, according to the author’s analysis of the current literature on the effects of invasive plant species. These reforms encourage feedback mechanisms, which could have an effect on ecosystem structure and biogeochemical cycles at the landscape level. To gain a deeper understanding of the invasion, studies must clearly concentrate on soil processes. A total of 169 invasive alien species have been discovered in India’s various ecosystems. On the basis of unique parameters, it is documented by India’s National Biodiversity Authority. The aim of this review is to gain a better understanding of the status of IAS in India, as well as their effect on biodiversity, ecosystem services, and human welfare. This study will assist researchers in understanding the status of IAS in India.

Please see the link :- https://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2090

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