In vivo SCREENING OF TURMERIC (Curcuma longa) IN BROILERS CHALLENGED WITH EIMERIAL INFECTION |  UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY

The goal of this study was to compare the anticoccidial efficacy of Turmeric (Curcuma longa) to a reference medicine, Amprolium, against experimentally produced Eimeria species infection in broiler chickens raised throughout the Kashmir Valley. Nonetheless, Turmeric rhizomes are an efficient alternative to coccidiostats, but their application is not well understood. One-day-old broiler chicks were acquired from a local store and randomly separated into four groups for this experiment (Group A- Group D). Except for Group D, all of the groups were given 10000 live sporulated oocysts of mixed Eimeria species orally. Group A was infected and treated with Turmeric powder at a dose rate of 5 g/L of drinking water; Group B was infected and treated with Amprolium powder at a dose rate of 1.25 g/L of drinking water; Group C (+ve control) was kept as an infected and untreated group; and Group D (-ve control) was kept as an uninfected and untreated group. Faecal samples were taken on day “0” before treatment and on days 7, 10, 14, and 21 after therapy began. When compared to pre-treatment, both treatments resulted in lower clinical symptoms, lesion score, and faecal Oocyst Per Gram (OPG) counts. The results also revealed that chicks who had diarrhoea in the early days of infection had regular faeces by the 10th day following therapy. On day 21, the maximum efficacy of Turmeric@5g/liter of drinking water was 99.07 percent, which was equivalent to the efficacy of a conventional anticoccidial medicine Amprolium on the same day, which was 99.26 percent. On day 7 compared to all other days, both groups (Turmeric and Amprolium treated) demonstrated a significant difference in efficacy (P0.05). Turmeric was found to be effective in the treatment and control of coccidiosis, with efficacy comparable to that of the standard anticoccidial medication Amprolium.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2549


EVALUATION OF In vitro ANTIOXIDANT EFFICACY OF GOLD NANOPARTICLES MEDIATED BY Curcuma longa |  UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY

The current study uses Curucuma longa aqueous extract as an in vitro antioxidant for gold nanoparticles. The antioxidant activity was assessed using the DPPH radical scavenging test, the Nitric oxide radical scavenging assay, and the Hydrogen peroxide scavenging assay. When compared to Curcuma longa and ascorbic acid, the standard reference, the DPPH radical scavenging activity, Nitric oxide radical scavenging, and Hydrogen peroxide scavenging activity of produced gold nanoparticles enhanced in a dosage dependent manner. This finding revealed that Curcuma longa is a viable biomaterial for the production of gold nanoparticles that can be used as antioxidants.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2623


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