EVALUATION OF ACUTE TOXICITY STUDIES OF DRAGON FRUIT (Hylocereus undatus) FLESH IN FINGERLINGS (Labeo rohita) |  UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY

The fruits of Hylocereus undatus, sometimes known as dragon fruit, have recently gained a lot of interest from gardeners all over the world. There is, however, insufficient toxicological data on the safety of repeated exposure to these fruits. The current study looked at the toxicity of H. undatus fruit meat in fish following an acute administration. Fingerling were not fed during the experimental period in the acute toxicity investigation. The test solutions were produced at various concentrations (100, 250, 500, 1000, and 2000mg/L) from Hylocereus undatus stock solutions. In each test concentration of Hylocereus undatus, a group of ten laboratory acclimatised fingerlings of a specific species with the same weight, size, and age were introduced. Monitor fish mortality after 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours. The LC50 values at 48, 72, and 96 hours were greater than 371.53mg/l, 3.46mg/l, and 1.41mg/l, respectively. To establish the tolerance limits of Hylocereus undatus fruit extract, a toxicity study was carried out, which is required for the adaption of traditional medicine. According to the LD50 (446.68mg/L) values obtained. These findings confirm the widespread use of Hylocereus undatus fruit as a therapeutic decoction in herbal medicine.

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