The current study looks at the diversity and distribution of water birds in the wetlands of Solapur’s Ujani Reservoir. A total of fifteen separate study locations were chosen from the outskirts of the Ujani Water reservoir, and a two-year study was conducted. Throughout the study period, a checklist of water birds was created for each of the study sites. During the examination, 81 water birds from 59 genera, 11 orders, and 23 families were discovered. Scolopacidae was found to be the dominant family at all of the study sites. The classification was based on feeding guilds, abundance, IUCN status, microhabitats, and migratory status, among other factors. Nearly 36% of feeding guilds were carnivores, 25% were omnivores, 9% were insectivores, 6% were piscivores, and 5% were herbivores, according to feeding guilds. Some of the birds had a firm preference for a single microhabitat, while others favoured dual microhabitats. The remainder birds had various microhabitats. Five species were divers, 15 were swimmers, 19 were large waders, 27 were small waders, and 15 were areal foragers, according to the niche selection study. However, 26 species were resident, 19 were migratory, and 36 were resident migratory based on migratory status. According to the IUCN red list, 76 species are Least Concerned, 6 are Near Threatened, 2 are Vulnerable, and 1 is Endangered. Based on the findings of this study, it can be stated that bird distribution among diverse places has demonstrated significant variation. The variance could be attributed to food availability, human influence, and water availability.
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The goal of this study was to look at and compare total lipids, total proteins, carbs, moisture, and ash levels in muscle and visceral organs of Labeo rohita fish taken from two separate wetlands in India throughout the year. Simultaneously, the impact of industrial pollution on fish health is being investigated in the current study. The fish were caught during rainy season (July-September), autumn season (September-November), winter season (December-February), spring season (March-mid April), and summer season (May-June) (Mid April – end June). During all seasons, the control fish sample had greater average values of fat (7.580.57%), protein (0.540.08%), carbohydrate (8.451.14%), and ash (3.620.20%) in muscle than the test fish sample. Similarly, the mean value of fat, protein, and ash in the control fish sample was 8.580.46%, 0.910.23%, and 2.840.11%, respectively, when compared to the test fish sample. Furthermore, the gut of the control fish sample had the highest average value of lipid (7.760.36%), protein (0.370.07%), and carbohydrate (3.160.68%) than the test fish sample. Biochemical parameters of muscular and visceral organs in test fish samples decreased significantly (P0.05) compared to control fish. Because the Harike wetland receives polluted water from the river Sutlej (polluted water from Ludhiana city is carried by the rivulet called Buddha Nullah and drained into the river Sutlej from the left side) and another drain called Kala Sanghian carried polluted water from the Jalandhar district, Punjab, the fish nutritional quality declined. During the current research, protein concentrations in test fish liver, muscle, and gut (autumn) rose. The acceleration of protein synthesis under the effect of toxicants in response to stress situations resulted in an increase in total protein content. In comparison to the control fish sample, the increase or reduction in the values of carbohydrates, moisture, and ash (percent) in the muscle and visceral organs of the test fish sample indicated the negative influence of aquatic effluence on fish health. Finally, it is suggested that all feasible actions be made to reduce the level of contaminants in this wetland.
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