The purpose of this research is to present a preliminary investigation of the avifauna in and around the Gulbarga fort area in Kalaburagi, Karnataka, India. The research region is 45 metres above mean sea level and lies between 76°.04′ and 77°.42 east longitude and 17°.12′ and 17°.46′ north latitude in the northern part of the state. Kalaburagi’s chosen study area contains a number of lentic water bodies that support a diverse range of avifauna. The research was carried out for a year, from March 2019 to March 2020. The study’s goal was to determine the composition, quantity, species richness, and distribution of avifauna in the chosen study area. Wetlands in the fort area provide home for a variety of avifaunal species, which are one of the most important markers of ecosystem health. We expected that by providing grounds for feeding, breeding, and nesting for many birds, the big pond (moat) surrounding the Gulbarga fort area would sustain a greater number, richness, and diversity of birds. The survey was conducted using the line and point transect technique. Weekly observations were taken as part of the field survey to determine avian faunal diversity. A total of 42 bird species were discovered, divided into 14 orders and 26 families. 16 species of birds were Omnivorous, 9 Carnivorous, 7 Insectivorous, 4 Piscivorous, 2 Frugivorous, 2 Granivorous, and 2 Herbivorous among the birds recorded in this study. However, due to the neglect of local residents living near the pond and urban conditions near the pond, the pond around the fort area is deteriorating. As a result, it is critical to implement suitable conservation measures to ensure its long-term survival and innovation.

Please see the link :- http://mbimph.com/index.php/UPJOZ/article/view/2613

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